ScriptSource is collaborative - a collection of resources and articles by many authors. In order to keep the site consistent in style please follow these guidelines. Editors will only lightly enforce their use, and will make or require alterations in submissions only when necessary.


For the purposes of disseminating information as widely as possible, we prefer contributions in English. However, other languages are also welcome. Bear in mind when posting a need that it will likely reach the widest audience if written in English.

Point of View

Please write from a global viewpoint; that is, avoid cultural, religious or other assumptions or biases. Explain the role of culture in your text, and help visitors to the site gain a greater knowledge of and appreciation for diverse cultures.

Write as a neutral observer when possible. Avoid the personal pronoun ‘I’ except when quoting directly. Do not address the reader directly as ‘you’.

ScriptSource will be a permanent, ongoing source for information, so avoid terms that assume the present time, such as ‘ten years ago’ or ‘currently’. Use specific dates where known. In order to reduce confusion, please format dates as yyyy-mm-dd - for example 2011-12-16.

Spelling and Punctuation

Please use Oxford spelling for English entries. This is essentially British spelling but with the -ize ending in words such as organize, realize, privatize etc. Please note that words ending in -yse retain the s, as in analyse, catalyse etc.

Quotations can use either single (British) or double (American) quotes as long as they are consistent within a contribution, although single is preferred. Place punctuation marks outside of quotation marks unless the punctuation is part of the quotation itself. This practice is sometimes referred to as ‘logical punctuation’.

Use ‘No.’, not the hash symbol ‘#’, to indicate numbers.

Avoid using a forward slash to join two words, as in ‘typographic / stylistic variation‘. Instead, use a conjunction such as ‘and’ or ‘or’.


When abbreviating a term, write it in full in the first instance, followed by the abbreviated form in parentheses (round brackets). Thereafter, use the abbreviated form.

Avoid writing in all caps. If you wish to emphasize a term, use the markup directive to italicize it. Please see the Markup Guide for more information about using markup. Use this emphasis in other places where italic type might be appropriate: phrases in languages other than that in which the main body of text is written, book titles, etc.

Please avoid contractions such as they’re or shouldn’t.


Titles and headings should be nouns or noun phrases that describe the contents, i.e. ‘The Development of the Hebrew Script’ rather than ‘The Hebrew Script Develops’ or ‘An Opinion’. Try to avoid giving a new contribution a title that is identical to an existing one, especially if it relates to the same script or language.

Copyright notice must be written © year name, for example © 2011 Fiona Hawkes. Please copy and paste the copyright symbol from the guide text below the ‘Copyright’ field. Do not use (c).

Referencing Style

We have based our referencing style on the MHRA referencing style, using inline markup to make all URLs into links (see the Markup Guide). Authors’ names should be written with the first name(s) first, then the last name (surname). Titles of books and journals should be italicized (using the markup directive); book titles should be followed by the edition number unless it is in its first edition. Page numbers should be introduced by p. or pp.


When referencing a book

Author, Book Title(Place: Publisher, year), page number

Michael C. Shapiro, A Primer of Modern Standard Hindi(Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2003), pp. 8-13

When referencing a book section

Chapter Author, 'Title of Chapter', in Book Title, ed. by Book Editor(s) (Place: Publisher, year), page numbers

Avedis K. Sanjian, ‘The Armenian Alphabet’, in The World’s Writing Systems, ed. by Peter T. Daniels & William Bright (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 356-363

When referencing a journal or newspaper article

Author, 'Article Title', Journal Title, volume if applicable (date or year), page numbers

R. Alison Lewis & Louis-Jacques Dorais, ‘Two Related Indigenous Writing Systems; Canada's Syllabic and China's A-Hmao Scripts’, The Canadian Journal of Native Studies, XXIII, 2 (2003), (pp. 277-304)

If the journal is online, insert into the above citation the internet address and date accessed:

R. Alison Lewis & Louis-Jacques Dorais, ‘Two Related Indigenous Writing Systems; Canada's Syllabic and China's A-Hmao Scripts’, The Canadian Journal of Native Studies, XXIII, 2 (2003),, accessed 2010-12-16 (pp. 277-304)

When referencing a web page

Author or organization if available, Title (Place: Publisher, year if available) web address of document, accessed yyyy-mm-dd (page)

Erin McLoughlin, Gurmukhi Typography (2008), accessed 2010-12-16

When referencing an online image or other media

In the ‘Source’ field: URL Author reference

 Flickr Original photo by Mourad Diouri

In the ‘Copyright’ field: © yyyy Copyright holder’s name

© 2008 Mourad Diouri

Supported file types

We are happy for you to upload audiovisual content - image, video, and audio files - to ScriptSource. Please submit these files using the following formats:

  • Images (.jpg, .png)
  • Video (.mp4, .mpg, .mov, .wmv, .avi)
  • Audio (.mp3, .wav)

Documents can also be uploaded to the site. Preferably, these should be in .pdf format, but we will accept others such as .doc and .odt also.