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Ethiopic (Geʻez)Ethi

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  • These are examples of decorative typefaces and typefaces with special effects.

    Copyrightnot indicated
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna A. Priest
  • Until computers became common, an ordinary typewriter style was very common in books.

    Typewriter style

    Copyrightnot indicated
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna A. Priest
  • Kerning is often used to give a better presentation of characters which might otherwise have too much space between them. In typesetting Ethiopic texts (in a variety of languages), there are some standard pairs of fidels which often looked like they are too far apart. This is a list of 279 pairs which needed kerning in the  Abyssinica SIL font. This list should be useful as a starting point for others who develop Ethiopic fonts. Because the amount of kerning varies by the typeface this document does not specify the amount of kerning required.

    PairsUnicode Scalar Values
    U+1202 U+121a
    U+1202 U+121b
    U+1202 U+1265
    U+1202 U+1275
    U+1202 U+1285
    U+1202 U+12d2
    U+1202 U+12d4
    U+1202 U+130a
    U+1202 U+130d
    U+1206 U+1207
    U+1206 U+1212
    U+1206 U+1225
    U+1206 U+1228
    U+1206 U+1243
    U+1206 U+12ed
    U+1206 U+130b
    U+1206 U+1348
    U+1206 U+2d85
    U+1206 U+2d8b
    U+1206 U+2d8f
    U+1207 U+1208
    U+1207 U+1212
    U+1207 U+1213
    U+1207 U+1225
    U+1207 U+1228
    U+1207 U+1243
    U+1207 U+1251
    U+1207 U+130b
    U+1207 U+2d8b
    U+1207 U+2d8f
    U+1208 U+12b8
    U+1208 U+12bd
    U+1209 U+1225
    U+1209 U+1243
    U+1209 U+12f0
    U+1209 U+130b
    U+120a U+121a
    U+120a U+121b
    U+120a U+121e
    U+120a U+1233
    U+120a U+123d
    U+120a U+1240
    U+120a U+1245
    U+120a U+1251
    U+120a U+125a
    U+120a U+1265
    U+120a U+1275
    U+120a U+127d
    U+120a U+1285
    U+120a U+1293
    U+120a U+1295
    U+120a U+1296
    U+120a U+12b8
    U+120a U+12b9
    U+120a U+12ba
    U+120a U+12bb
    U+120a U+12bd
    U+120a U+12be
    U+120a U+12d2
    U+120a U+12d4
    U+120a U+1308
    U+120a U+130a
    U+120a U+130d
    U+120a U+132d
    U+120a U+134b
    U+120c U+123d
    U+120c U+1295
    U+120c U+12b8
    U+120c U+12b9
    U+120c U+12ba
    U+120c U+12bb
    U+120c U+12bd
    U+120c U+12be
    U+120c U+12d2
    U+120c U+12d4
    U+120c U+130d
    U+120d U+121a
    U+120d U+121b
    U+120d U+123d
    U+120d U+1285
    U+120d U+1295
    U+120d U+12b8
    U+120d U+12b9
    U+120d U+12ba
    U+120d U+12bb
    U+120d U+12bd
    U+120d U+12be
    U+120d U+12d2
    U+120d U+12d4
    U+120d U+12e9
    U+120d U+1308
    U+120d U+130a
    U+120d U+130d
    U+1212 U+1202
    U+1212 U+121e
    U+1212 U+1233
    U+1212 U+123d
    U+1212 U+1285
    U+1212 U+1293
    U+1212 U+1295
    U+1212 U+1296
    U+1212 U+12b8
    U+1212 U+12b9
    U+1212 U+12ba
    U+1212 U+12bb
    U+1212 U+12bd
    U+1212 U+12be
    U+1212 U+12d2
    U+1212 U+12d4
    U+1212 U+1308
    U+1212 U+130a
    U+1212 U+130d
    U+1212 U+134b
    U+1215 U+1295
    U+1218 U+1212
    U+1218 U+1225
    U+1218 U+1228
    U+1218 U+1243
    U+1218 U+12f5
    U+1218 U+130b
    U+121a U+1275
    U+121a U+12db
    U+121b U+120d
    U+121b U+1225
    U+121c U+1295
    U+121d U+1208
    U+121d U+120d
    U+121d U+1212
    U+121d U+1213
    U+121d U+1225
    U+121d U+1228
    U+121d U+122a
    U+121d U+122b
    U+121d U+1243
    U+121d U+1273
    U+121d U+12eb
    U+121d U+12f0
    U+121d U+12f5
    U+121d U+12f6
    U+121d U+130b
    U+121d U+1320
    U+121d U+1348
    U+121d U+2d85
    U+121d U+2d8b
    U+121d U+2d8f
    U+121e U+1273
    U+1224 U+12d4
    U+1225 U+1218
    U+1225 U+1228
    U+1225 U+122b
    U+1225 U+130b
    U+1225 U+1322
    U+1225 U+1348
    U+1228 U+1203
    U+1228 U+1218
    U+1229 U+130a
    U+122b U+1295
    U+122b U+12bd
    U+122b U+12ed
    U+1232 U+1245
    U+1232 U+1275
    U+1232 U+1293
    U+1232 U+12b9
    U+1232 U+12d2
    U+1232 U+12d4
    U+1232 U+1325
    U+1232 U+134d
    U+1238 U+1218
    U+123a U+1245
    U+123a U+1275
    U+123a U+1293
    U+123a U+12d2
    U+123a U+1325
    U+123a U+134d
    U+1240 U+1228
    U+1243 U+12eb
    U+125a U+12b9
    U+1261 U+1243
    U+1262 U+1270
    U+1262 U+1271
    U+1262 U+1272
    U+1262 U+1274
    U+1262 U+1275
    U+1262 U+1276
    U+1262 U+12d2
    U+1262 U+1325
    U+1262 U+134d
    U+1264 U+1275
    U+1264 U+12d4
    U+126a U+1245
    U+126a U+1275
    U+126a U+1293
    U+126a U+1325
    U+1273 U+1225
    U+1273 U+12a1
    U+1273 U+12f0
    U+1275 U+12b9
    U+128b U+120b
    U+1292 U+123b
    U+1292 U+1275
    U+1293 U+12a2
    U+1295 U+122b
    U+1295 U+12a1
    U+1296 U+120a
    U+1296 U+12a2
    U+129b U+1273
    U+12a1 U+1295
    U+12a1 U+12b8
    U+12a1 U+12bb
    U+12a1 U+12bd
    U+12a2 U+1293
    U+12a2 U+1296
    U+12a2 U+12b8
    U+12a2 U+12b9
    U+12a2 U+12bd
    U+12a2 U+12be
    U+12a2 U+12d2
    U+12a2 U+12d4
    U+12a3 U+12b8
    U+12a3 U+12b9
    U+12a3 U+12ba
    U+12a3 U+12bb
    U+12a3 U+12bd
    U+12a3 U+12be
    U+12a5 U+123d
    U+12a5 U+1295
    U+12a5 U+12bd
    U+12a5 U+130d
    U+12a9 U+12b9
    U+12aa U+1270
    U+12aa U+1271
    U+12aa U+1272
    U+12aa U+1274
    U+12aa U+1275
    U+12aa U+1276
    U+12aa U+127d
    U+12aa U+1293
    U+12aa U+1295
    U+12aa U+12ca
    U+12aa U+1325
    U+12aa U+132d
    U+12b9 U+12a2
    U+12b9 U+12a3
    U+12b9 U+12f0
    U+12ba U+1275
    U+12be U+12a2
    U+12c9 U+1295
    U+12c9 U+12bb
    U+12cb U+12eb
    U+12cd U+1243
    U+12cd U+12eb
    U+12d2 U+123d
    U+12da U+12b8
    U+12e8 U+1348
    U+12eb U+12f6
    U+12f0 U+1275
    U+12f5 U+1212
    U+1309 U+1225
    U+130a U+1229
    U+130a U+1275
    U+130a U+12d2
    U+130b U+121d
    U+130b U+1225
    U+1322 U+1275
    U+1322 U+1295
    U+1322 U+12d2
    U+1322 U+134b
    U+1328 U+1252
    U+132a U+1275
    U+133d U+1213
    U+1348 U+121e
    U+1356 U+1228
    U+1356 U+1328
    U+2d84 U+1247
    U+ab02 U+12b9
    U+ab02 U+12d2
    U+ab02 U+12d4
    U+ab04 U+12d4
    U+ab12 U+12b8

    Suggested kerning pairs

    Copyright© 2017 SIL International
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is an old style version of the same character. They are used in Cohen and are also referenced in the  ALA-LC charts.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is an old style version of the same character. The right glyph is used in the Cohen book and also is referenced in the  ALA-LC charts.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is an old style version of the same character. They are used in Cohen.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is a variant of the same character.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is an old style version of the same character and is used in Alone-Stokes, Cohen, and is also referenced in the  ALA-LC charts.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph on the right is a "typewriter" style version of the same character.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The two glyphs on the right are old style versions of the same character. They are used in Cohen and are also referenced in the  ALA-LC charts.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyphs on the top row are the standard glyphs for this set of characters (U+124D U+12B5 U+12C5 U+1315), and they are used in the Unicode code charts. The glyphs on the bottom row are the preferred glyphs for the Sebat Bet language.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The two glyphs on the right are old style versions of the same character. They are used in Cohen and are also referenced in the  ALA-LC charts.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyphs on the top row are the standard glyphs for this set of characters, and they are used in the Unicode code charts. The glyphs on the bottom row are sometimes used in handwriting since they are easier to reproduce than a character such as .

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyphs on the top row are the standard glyphs for this set of characters. They are the glyphs the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyphs on the bottom row are required for use in the Gumuz language orthography. The only difference in glyphs is that the top "flag" is not connected to the bottom part of the character.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyphs on the top row are the standard glyphs for this set of characters, and they are used in the Unicode code charts. The glyphs on the bottom row are an archaic form previously used for the Oromo orthography. The line through the bowl proved hard to reproduce in low quality printing.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyph on the left is the glyph the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyph in the middle is the glyph required for use in the Sebat Bet language. The glyph on the right is used in the Alone-Stokes book.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • The glyphs on the top row are the standard glyphs for this set of characters. They are the glyphs the Unicode Consortium uses in the Unicode code charts. The glyphs on the bottom row have a disconnected macron. It is unclear whether these variants are required by any language.

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • Inverted text is very common and is often seen as white text on black background especially in the classified sections of newspapers. It is, to a large extent, used as a substitute for bold text.

    Inverted text

    Copyrightnot indicated
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna A. Priest
  • Larger type is often used as a substitute for bold type.

    Example from major newspaper

    Copyrightnot indicated
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna A. Priest
  • Emphasizing words with a line above and a line below is very common, especially in newspapers. This may be a substitute for either bold or italic type .

    Line above and below text

    Copyrightnot indicated
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorLorna A. Priest

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Copyright © 2017 SIL International and released under the  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license (CC-BY-SA) unless noted otherwise. Language data includes information from the  Ethnologue. Script information partially from the  ISO 15924 Registration Authority. Some character data from  The Unicode Standard Character Database and locale data from the  Common Locale Data Repository. Used by permission.