ScriptSource

Script

HebrewHebr

Subject areas for this script

4

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Title
Letters of the Hebrew Script
Multimedia Writing Tool
Unicode Status (General Punctuation)
Unicode Status (Hebrew)

5

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Title
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 2: Paragraph direction and flow
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 3: Directionality codes
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 4: Mirroring
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 5: Overrides and embedding
The Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm: a gentle introduction

0

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The following table shows which Unicode characters are uniquely associated with this script. A language which uses the script may use additional symbols not listed here. See individual writing system pages for complete listings.

Characters associated with this script

USV Graphic If these graphics are not displaying correctly, click for information. Character If these characters are not displaying correctly, click for information. Name
0591 ֑ HEBREW ACCENT ETNAHTA
0592 ֒ HEBREW ACCENT SEGOL
0593 ֓ HEBREW ACCENT SHALSHELET
0594 ֔ HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF QATAN
0595 ֕ HEBREW ACCENT ZAQEF GADOL
0596 ֖ HEBREW ACCENT TIPEHA
0597 ֗ HEBREW ACCENT REVIA
0598 ֘ HEBREW ACCENT ZARQA
0599 ֙ HEBREW ACCENT PASHTA
059A ֚ HEBREW ACCENT YETIV
059B ֛ HEBREW ACCENT TEVIR
059C ֜ HEBREW ACCENT GERESH
059D ֝ HEBREW ACCENT GERESH MUQDAM
059E ֞ HEBREW ACCENT GERSHAYIM
059F ֟ HEBREW ACCENT QARNEY PARA
05A0 ֠ HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA GEDOLA
05A1 ֡ HEBREW ACCENT PAZER
05A2 ֢ HEBREW ACCENT ATNAH HAFUKH
05A3 ֣ HEBREW ACCENT MUNAH
05A4 ֤ HEBREW ACCENT MAHAPAKH
05A5 ֥ HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA
05A6 ֦ HEBREW ACCENT MERKHA KEFULA
05A7 ֧ HEBREW ACCENT DARGA
05A8 ֨ HEBREW ACCENT QADMA
05A9 ֩ HEBREW ACCENT TELISHA QETANA
05AA ֪ HEBREW ACCENT YERAH BEN YOMO
05AB ֫ HEBREW ACCENT OLE
05AC ֬ HEBREW ACCENT ILUY
05AD ֭ HEBREW ACCENT DEHI
05AE ֮ HEBREW ACCENT ZINOR
05AF ֯ HEBREW MARK MASORA CIRCLE
05B0 ְ HEBREW POINT SHEVA
05B1 ֱ HEBREW POINT HATAF SEGOL
05B2 ֲ HEBREW POINT HATAF PATAH
05B3 ֳ HEBREW POINT HATAF QAMATS
05B4 ִ HEBREW POINT HIRIQ
05B5 ֵ HEBREW POINT TSERE
05B6 ֶ HEBREW POINT SEGOL
05B7 ַ HEBREW POINT PATAH
05B8 ָ HEBREW POINT QAMATS
05B9 ֹ HEBREW POINT HOLAM
05BA ֺ HEBREW POINT HOLAM HASER FOR VAV
05BB ֻ HEBREW POINT QUBUTS
05BC ּ HEBREW POINT DAGESH OR MAPIQ
05BD ֽ HEBREW POINT METEG
05BE ־ HEBREW PUNCTUATION MAQAF
05BF ֿ HEBREW POINT RAFE
05C0 ׀ HEBREW PUNCTUATION PASEQ
05C1 ׁ HEBREW POINT SHIN DOT
05C2 ׂ HEBREW POINT SIN DOT
05C3 ׃ HEBREW PUNCTUATION SOF PASUQ
05C4 ׄ HEBREW MARK UPPER DOT
05C5 ׅ HEBREW MARK LOWER DOT
05C6 ׆ HEBREW PUNCTUATION NUN HAFUKHA
05C7 ׇ HEBREW POINT QAMATS QATAN
05D0 א HEBREW LETTER ALEF
05D1 ב HEBREW LETTER BET
05D2 ג HEBREW LETTER GIMEL
05D3 ד HEBREW LETTER DALET
05D4 ה HEBREW LETTER HE
05D5 ו HEBREW LETTER VAV
05D6 ז HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN
05D7 ח HEBREW LETTER HET
05D8 ט HEBREW LETTER TET
05D9 י HEBREW LETTER YOD
05DA ך HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF
05DB כ HEBREW LETTER KAF
05DC ל HEBREW LETTER LAMED
05DD ם HEBREW LETTER FINAL MEM
05DE מ HEBREW LETTER MEM
05DF ן HEBREW LETTER FINAL NUN
05E0 נ HEBREW LETTER NUN
05E1 ס HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH
05E2 ע HEBREW LETTER AYIN
05E3 ף HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE
05E4 פ HEBREW LETTER PE
05E5 ץ HEBREW LETTER FINAL TSADI
05E6 צ HEBREW LETTER TSADI
05E7 ק HEBREW LETTER QOF
05E8 ר HEBREW LETTER RESH
05E9 ש HEBREW LETTER SHIN
05EA ת HEBREW LETTER TAV
05F0 װ HEBREW LIGATURE YIDDISH DOUBLE VAV
05F1 ױ HEBREW LIGATURE YIDDISH VAV YOD
05F2 ײ HEBREW LIGATURE YIDDISH DOUBLE YOD
05F3 ׳ HEBREW PUNCTUATION GERESH
05F4 ״ HEBREW PUNCTUATION GERSHAYIM
FB1D HEBREW LETTER YOD WITH HIRIQ
FB1E HEBREW POINT JUDEO-SPANISH VARIKA
FB1F HEBREW LIGATURE YIDDISH YOD YOD PATAH
FB20 HEBREW LETTER ALTERNATIVE AYIN
FB21 HEBREW LETTER WIDE ALEF
FB22 HEBREW LETTER WIDE DALET
FB23 HEBREW LETTER WIDE HE
FB24 HEBREW LETTER WIDE KAF
FB25 HEBREW LETTER WIDE LAMED
FB26 HEBREW LETTER WIDE FINAL MEM
FB27 HEBREW LETTER WIDE RESH
FB28 HEBREW LETTER WIDE TAV
FB29 HEBREW LETTER ALTERNATIVE PLUS SIGN
FB2A HEBREW LETTER SHIN WITH SHIN DOT
FB2B HEBREW LETTER SHIN WITH SIN DOT
FB2C HEBREW LETTER SHIN WITH DAGESH AND SHIN DOT
FB2D HEBREW LETTER SHIN WITH DAGESH AND SIN DOT
FB2E HEBREW LETTER ALEF WITH PATAH
FB2F HEBREW LETTER ALEF WITH QAMATS
FB30 HEBREW LETTER ALEF WITH MAPIQ
FB31 HEBREW LETTER BET WITH DAGESH
FB32 HEBREW LETTER GIMEL WITH DAGESH
FB33 HEBREW LETTER DALET WITH DAGESH
FB34 HEBREW LETTER HE WITH MAPIQ
FB35 HEBREW LETTER VAV WITH DAGESH
FB36 HEBREW LETTER ZAYIN WITH DAGESH
FB38 HEBREW LETTER TET WITH DAGESH
FB39 HEBREW LETTER YOD WITH DAGESH
FB3A HEBREW LETTER FINAL KAF WITH DAGESH
FB3B HEBREW LETTER KAF WITH DAGESH
FB3C HEBREW LETTER LAMED WITH DAGESH
FB3E HEBREW LETTER MEM WITH DAGESH
FB40 HEBREW LETTER NUN WITH DAGESH
FB41 HEBREW LETTER SAMEKH WITH DAGESH
FB43 HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE WITH DAGESH
FB44 HEBREW LETTER PE WITH DAGESH
FB46 HEBREW LETTER TSADI WITH DAGESH
FB47 HEBREW LETTER QOF WITH DAGESH
FB48 HEBREW LETTER RESH WITH DAGESH
FB49 HEBREW LETTER SHIN WITH DAGESH
FB4A HEBREW LETTER TAV WITH DAGESH
FB4B HEBREW LETTER VAV WITH HOLAM
FB4C HEBREW LETTER BET WITH RAFE
FB4D HEBREW LETTER KAF WITH RAFE
FB4E HEBREW LETTER PE WITH RAFE
FB4F HEBREW LIGATURE ALEF LAMED

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  • The letters of the Hebrew script, in their normal canonical order (when read from right to left)

    Source Wikipedia
    Copyright© 2008 Neo Scholar
    LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Allows modification and redistribution
    ContributorSteph Holloway
  • The University of Stanford provides a  multimedia tool demonstrating how to write each of the cursive Hebrew letters.

    ContributorScriptSource Staff
  • In The Unicode Standard, Punctuation marks are discussed in  Chapter 6 Writing Systems and Punctuation. Punctuation marks can generally be used across scripts. They tend to be scattered across various blocks in Unicode. Some scripts have punctuation marks which are specific to that script and those are generally encoded with the script block(s).

    Punctuation (not script specific) is now encoded in the following blocks:

    BlocksCharacter RangeAdded in Unicode VersionDocumentation
    Basic Latin 0000..007F 1.0  U0000.pdf
    Latin-1 Supplement 0080..00FF 1.0  U0080.pdf
    General Punctuation 2000..206F 1.0  U2000.pdf
    Supplemental Punctuation 2E00..2E7F 4.1  U2E00.pdf
    CJK Symbols and Punctuation block 3000..303F 1.1  U3000.pdf
    Vertical Forms FE10..FE1F 4.1  UFE10.pdf
    CJK Compatibility Forms FE30..FE4F 1.1  UFE30.pdf
    Small Form Variants FE50..FE6F 1.1  UFE50.pdf
    Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms FF00..FFEF 1.1  UFF00.pdf

    Subsequent to version 1.1, the following characters have been added to common punctuation:

    CharactersUnicode VersionDocumentation
    202F 3.0
    2047 3.2  n2092.pdf
    2048..204D 3.0
    204E..2050 3.2
    2051 3.2  n2092.pdf
    2052 3.2
    2053..2054 4.0
    2055 4.1
    2056 4.1  n2610r.pdf L2/03-282
    2057 3.2
    2058..2059 4.1  n2610r.pdf L2/03-282,  n2642.pdf L2/03-324
    205A..205C 4.1  
    205D 4.1  n2642.pdf L2/03-324
    205E 4.1
    205F 3.2
    2060..2063 3.2
    2064 5.1  n3198.pdf L2/07-011R2
    2E00..2E0C 4.1  n2612-1.pdf L2/03-074 R2
    2E0D 4.1  n2675.pdf
    2E0E..2E16 4.1  n2642.pdf L2/03-324
    2E17 4.1  n2647.pdf L2/03-338
    2E18 5.1  n2935.pdf L2/05-086
    2E19 5.1  n3218.pdf L2/06-269
    2E1A..2E1B 5.1  n3193.pdf L2/07-004
    2E1C..2E1D 4.1  n2765.pdf L2/04-172
    2E1E..2E2E 5.1  n3193.pdf L2/07-004
    2E2F 5.1
    2E30 5.1  n3193.pdf L2/07-004
    2E31 5.2
    2E45..2E49 10.0  
    2E4C pending  L2/16-220
    2E4D..2E4E pending  L2/16-219

    Documentation refers to  ISO Working Group and Unicode proposals

    A number of proposals for its inclusion have been submitted to the Unicode Technical Committee and WG2:

    1999-07-24 On the apostrophe and quotation mark, with a note on Egyptian transliteration characters — Michael Everson ( WG2 N2043,  L2/99-246)
    1999-12-01 On the need for a ZERO-WIDTH LIGATOR — Michael Everson ( WG2 N2141,  L2/99-379)
    2000-01-04 U-301C WAVE DASH — Japan NB ( WG2 N2166.doc,  L2/00-065)
    2000-01-06 Further discussion of the ZERO-WIDTH LIGATOR — Michael Everson ( WG2 N2147,  L2/00-012)

    2000-01-24 ZWJ contradictions, ZWL — Ken Whistler, Lloyd Anderson ( L2/00-023)

    2000-01-25 Extending ZWJ and ZWNJ for Ligation — Mark Davis ( L2/00-025)

    2000-01-25 Five comments on ZWL and ZWJ — Lloyd Anderson ( L2/00-026)

    2000-01-31 Comments on Ligature Control — John Jenkins ( L2/00-031)

    2000-03-31 Supplemental terminal graphics for Unicode — Frank da Cruz ( L2/00-159)

    2000-04-30 Zero width grapheme joiner — Mark Davis ( L2/00-156)

    2000-08-09 Proposal for addition of ZERO WIDTH WORD JOINER (WG2 N2335) — Mark Davis ( WG2 N2235.htm,  L2/00-258)

    2000-09-15 SOFT HYPHEN and some other characters — Kent Karlsson (WG2 N2268,  L2/00-332)

    2001-04-10 Bracket Disunification & Normalization Hell — Ken Whistler ( L2/01-168)

    2002-01-21 TLG: Miscellanea Proposal — TLG (D. Anderson) ( L2/02-031)

    2002-01-21 TLG: Background & detail information (208k, 26pp) — TLG (D. Anderson) ( L2/02-033)

    2002-07-30 Proposal to add a few dashes — Eric Muller ( L2/02-277)

    2002-08-14 Yes, SOFT HYPHEN is a hard problem — Eric Muller ( L2/02-279)

    2002-10-22 Em-dash comments (from web reporting form) — Donald Figge ( L2/02-349)

    2002-10-23 Dashes — Mark Davis ( L2/02-350)

    2002-10-23 Dashes — Patrick Andries ( L2/02-352)

    2002-10-24 Dashes — Ken Whistler ( L2/02-353)

    2002-10-25 Dashes — Eric Muller ( L2/02-357)

    2002-10-28 Response to using ZWJ and ZWNJ to control ligatures — Ayman Aldahleh, Paul Nelson ( L2/02-363)

    2002-11-27 Note on soft hyphens in 10646/Unicode — Kent Karlsson ( WG2 N2531,  L2/02-426)

    2002-12-02 Answer to L2/02-426, SC2/WG2 N2531 — Eric Muller ( L2/02-444)

    2003-01-30 Response to "UTC Agenda Item: Scope of Enclosing Marks" — Asmus Freytag ( L2/03-028)

    2003-06-11 Proposal to encode additional Punctuation Characters in the UCS — Maria Pantelia / TLG ( WG2 N2612-7,  L2/03-193)

    2003-08-21 ZWJ/ZWNJ proposed general category change — Kent Karlsson ( L2/03-276)

    2003-10-06 Proposal to encode additional Greek editorial and punctuation characters in the UCS — Maria Pantelia / TLG ( WG2 N2642,  L2/03-324)

    2003-10-10 Proposal — Symbols used in dictionaries — Asmus Freytag ( WG2 N2655)

    2003-10-13 Further discussion of the Double Oblique Hyphen — MIchael Everson ( WG2 N2647,  L2/03-338)

    2003-10-19 Background on DOUBLE OBLIQUE HYPHEN — Deborah Anderson ( L2/03-347)

    2003-10-22 Proposal to add one punctuation character to the UCS — Michael Everson ( WG2 N2675, L2/03-379)

    2004-03-04 Proposal to add two Masoretic punctuation marks to the BMP of the UCS — Mark Shoulson, Peter Kirk, John Hudson, Michael Everson, Peter Constable ( WG2 N2714,  L2/04-089)

    2004-06-02 Romanian Proposal for ISO/IEC 6937 Amendment — Romanian N B ( WG2 N2783,  L2/04-205)

    2006-08-01 Proposal to Add Additional Ancient Roman Characters to UCS — David Perry ( WG2 N3218,  L2/06-269)

    2007-01-09 Proposal to add Medievalist and Iranianist punctuation characters to the UCS — Michael Everson, Peter Baker, Marcus Dohnicht, António Emiliano, Odd Einar Haugen, Susana Pedro, David J. Perry, Roozbeh Pournader ( WG2 N3193,  L2/07-004)

    2007-08-02 Middle Dots and Don'ts — Ken Whistler ( L2/07-258)

    2007-09-18 Proposal to Encode WORD SEPARATOR MIDDLE DOT — US N.B. ( WG2 N3347,  L2/07-320)

    2008-09-06 Proposal to Revert to the Original Properties of the Zero Width Space — Javier Solá ( L2/08-344)

    2009-12-05 Proposal to encode six punctuation characters in the UCS — Michael Everson ( WG2 N3740,  L2/09-425)

    2010-02-10 Proposal to encode two dashes required by the Chicago Manual of Style in the UCS — Karl Pentzlin ( WG2 N3770,  L2/10-037)

    2010-05-04 Proposal to encode a punctuation mark "Double Hyphen" — Karl Pentzlin ( L2/10-162)

    2010-06-17 Oblique hyphen vs. Double Hyphen — Asmus Freytag ( L2/10-214)

    2010-07-29 Comments on the Public Review Issue #169 "Glyph Variation of Double Oblique Hyphen" — Karl Pentzlin ( L2/10-269)

    2010-09-28 Revised Proposal to encode a punctuation mark "Double Hyphen" — Karl Pentzlin ( WG2 N3917,  L2/10-361)

    2011-01-17 Revised Proposal to encode a punctuation mark "Double Hyphen" — German N.B. ( WG2 N3983,  L2/11-038)

    2011-02-02 Notes on the naming of some characters proposed in the FCD of ISO/IEC 10646:2012 — Karl Pentzlin ( WG2 N3984,  L2/11-057)

    2011-10-17 Proposal to encode a Low One Dot Leader in the UCS — Martin Schrage, Karl Pentzlin ( WG2 N4209,  L2/11-364)

    2012-04-27 Punctuation symbols — Mark Davis ( L2/12-146)

    2012-05-03 Request to correct the LineBreak.txt entry for U+2E3A TWO-EM DASH — Karl Pentzlin ( L2/12-170)

    2012-05-09 Proposal to encode SENTENCE SEPARATOR (NON-JOINER) and SENTENCE JOINER — Arle Lommel ( L2/12-119)

    2012-10-01 Revised Proposal to encode six punctuation characters introduced by Hervé Bazin in the UCS — Mykyta Yevstifeyev, Karl Pentzlin ( WG2 N4256,  L2/11-232)

    2013-09-23 Proposal to Encode a Slavonic Punctuation Mark in Unicode — Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons ( L2/13-140)

    2013-10-06 LB Fix LB status for Floor/Ceiling characters — Mark Davis ( L2/13-184)

    2013-11-01 Expert Feedback on L2/13-140 SLAVONIC PARAGRAPHOS — Stephen Emmel, Jost Gippert ( L2/13-212)

    2013-11-21 Catalan MIDDLEDOT and UAX #31 — Joan Montané ( L2/13-239)

    2013-12-16 Precomposed punctuation proposal — Kirill Larionov ( L2/13-237)

    2013-12-16 Proposal to Encode a Slavonic Punctuation Mark in Unicode — Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons ( L2/13-238)

    2014-02-04 Proposal to Encode a Slavonic Punctuation Mark in Unicode — Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons ( WG2 N4534)

    2014-07-18 Proposal to encode GREEK BYZANTINE DOUBLE SUSPENSION MARK — Dumbarton Oaks (Joel Kalvesmaki) ( WG2 N4595.doc,  L2/14-157)

    2014-08-06 Proposal for the modification of the sample character layout of WAVE_DASH (U+301C) — Hiroyuki Komatsu ( WG2 N4606,  L2/14-198)

    2014-12-12 Short hyphen proposal — William G. Moore ( L2/14-302)

    2015-02-04 Line break property value of U+22EF MIDLINE HORIZONTAL ELLIPSIS — Peter Edberg ( L2/15-077)

    2015-07-29 Proposal to Encode some Additional Symbols used in Church Slavonic Text — Aleksandr Andreev, Yuri Shardt, Nikita Simmons ( L2/15-173)

    2015-10-31 Property Change for U+202F NARROW NO-BREAK SPACE (PRI #308 background) — UTC / Peter Edberg ( L2/15-295)

    UTC #146 Minutes ( L2/16-004) (See B.11.6.2 for decision and action items)

    2015-12-19 Proposal to add Medievalist punctuation characters — Michael Everson (editor), Peter Baker, Florian Grammel, Odd Einar Haugen (WG2 N4704,  L2/15-327)

    UTC #146 Minutes ( L2/16-004) (See C.5 for decision and action items)

    2016-07-30 Feedback and Evidence on Medievalist punctuation characters (L2/16‐125) — Deborah Anderson ( L2/16-219)

    UTC #148 Minutes ( L2/16-203) (See C.14.2 for decision and action items)

    2016-08-01 Proposal to encode MEDIEVAL COMMA — Michael Everson, Deborah Anderson, et al ( L2/16-220)

    UTC #148 Minutes ( L2/16-203) (See C.14.3 for decision and action items)

    2016-08-04 Proposal to encode PARAGRAPHUS and PUNCTUS ELEVATUS — Michael Everson, Deborah Anderson, et al ( L2/16-235)

    UTC #148 Minutes ( L2/16-203) (See C.14.4 for decision and action items)

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • In The Unicode Standard, Hebrew Script implementation is discussed in  Chapter 9 Middle East-I: Modern and Liturgical Scripts.

    Hebrew script was first encoded in The Unicode Standard version 1.0. The script is encoded in the following blocks:

    Blocks Character Range Added in Unicode Version Unicode Chart
    Hebrew 0590..05FF 1.0  U0590.pdf
    Alphabetic Presentation Forms FB10..FB4F 1.1  UFB00.pdf

    Subsequent to version 1.1, the following characters have been added to the Hebrew script:

    CharactersUnicode VersionDocumentation
    0591..05A1 2.0  
    05A2 4.1  n2692.pdf/ L2/03-443
    05A3..05AF 2.0  
    05BA 5.0  n2840.pdf/ L2/04-310
    05C4 2.0  
    05C5..05C6 4.1  n2714.pdf/ L2/04-089
    05C7 4.1  n2755.pdf/ L2/04-150

    Documentation refers to  ISO Working Group and Unicode proposals

    ContributorScriptSource Staff

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Copyright © 2017 SIL International and released under the  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license (CC-BY-SA) unless noted otherwise. Language data includes information from the  Ethnologue. Script information partially from the  ISO 15924 Registration Authority. Some character data from  The Unicode Standard Character Database and locale data from the  Common Locale Data Repository. Used by permission.