ScriptSource

Script

ThaanaThaa

Subject areas for this script

5

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Title
Character list for Maldivian written with Thaana script
Dialectal Variation and the Thaana Script
Thaana to Latin Transliteration
Unicode Status (Thaana)
Writing the Date in Thaana

4

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Title
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 2: Paragraph direction and flow
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 3: Directionality codes
The Bidi Algorithm, Part 4: Mirroring
The Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm: a gentle introduction

0

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The following table shows which Unicode characters are uniquely associated with this script. A language which uses the script may use additional symbols not listed here. See individual writing system pages for complete listings.

Characters associated with this script

USV Graphic If these graphics are not displaying correctly, click for information. Character If these characters are not displaying correctly, click for information. Name
0780 ހ THAANA LETTER HAA
0781 ށ THAANA LETTER SHAVIYANI
0782 ނ THAANA LETTER NOONU
0783 ރ THAANA LETTER RAA
0784 ބ THAANA LETTER BAA
0785 ޅ THAANA LETTER LHAVIYANI
0786 ކ THAANA LETTER KAAFU
0787 އ THAANA LETTER ALIFU
0788 ވ THAANA LETTER VAAVU
0789 މ THAANA LETTER MEEMU
078A ފ THAANA LETTER FAAFU
078B ދ THAANA LETTER DHAALU
078C ތ THAANA LETTER THAA
078D ލ THAANA LETTER LAAMU
078E ގ THAANA LETTER GAAFU
078F ޏ THAANA LETTER GNAVIYANI
0790 ސ THAANA LETTER SEENU
0791 ޑ THAANA LETTER DAVIYANI
0792 ޒ THAANA LETTER ZAVIYANI
0793 ޓ THAANA LETTER TAVIYANI
0794 ޔ THAANA LETTER YAA
0795 ޕ THAANA LETTER PAVIYANI
0796 ޖ THAANA LETTER JAVIYANI
0797 ޗ THAANA LETTER CHAVIYANI
0798 ޘ THAANA LETTER TTAA
0799 ޙ THAANA LETTER HHAA
079A ޚ THAANA LETTER KHAA
079B ޛ THAANA LETTER THAALU
079C ޜ THAANA LETTER ZAA
079D ޝ THAANA LETTER SHEENU
079E ޞ THAANA LETTER SAADHU
079F ޟ THAANA LETTER DAADHU
07A0 ޠ THAANA LETTER TO
07A1 ޡ THAANA LETTER ZO
07A2 ޢ THAANA LETTER AINU
07A3 ޣ THAANA LETTER GHAINU
07A4 ޤ THAANA LETTER QAAFU
07A5 ޥ THAANA LETTER WAAVU
07A6 ަ THAANA ABAFILI
07A7 ާ THAANA AABAAFILI
07A8 ި THAANA IBIFILI
07A9 ީ THAANA EEBEEFILI
07AA ު THAANA UBUFILI
07AB ޫ THAANA OOBOOFILI
07AC ެ THAANA EBEFILI
07AD ޭ THAANA EYBEYFILI
07AE ޮ THAANA OBOFILI
07AF ޯ THAANA OABOAFILI
07B0 ް THAANA SUKUN
07B1 ޱ THAANA LETTER NAA

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  • Main characters

    [\u07A6 \u07A7 \u07A8 \u07A9 \u07AA \u07AB \u07AC \u07AD \u07AE \u07AF ހ ށ ނ ރ ބ ޅ ކ އ ވ މ ފ ދ ތ ލ ގ ޏ ސ ޑ ޒ ޓ ޔ ޕ ޖ ޗ ޘ ޙ ޚ ޛ ޜ ޝ ޞ ޟ ޠ ޡ ޢ ޣ ޤ ޥ ]

    Auxiliary characters

    Index characters

    Punctuation characters

    Numbering system

  • There are four main dialects of Maldivian. (Some sources list five, but the dialects spoken in Maliku and Malé are almost identical.) These tend to represent different diachronical stages in the development of the language. In general, the more archaic dialects are spoken in the south. Officially, only the dialect of the capital, Malé, is written, but in practice this is not the case. The Addu dialect from the southern islands contains one sound [ɳ] which the other dialects do not use. An additional letter, naa, is used for representing this extra sound.

    ContributorScriptSource Staff
  • There are two main methods for Latin transliteration of the Maldivian (Dhivehi) language, usually written in the Thaana script. The first of these, Malé Latin (or Dhivehi Latin) was officially used for a brief time in the 1970s and is still sometimes used to write place names. This system has been criticized for its representation of vowels, which some see as inconsistent and misleading. The Latin letter h is also used inconsistently, and does not represent aspiration. For example, th represents the unaspirated dental [t] and lh represents the retroflex [ɭ]. The letter h can also be used word-finally to represent a glottal stop.

    In more recent years, the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) has been extended to include the Standard Alphabet of Dhivehi Transliteration (SADT). The IAST establishes certain conventions to encourage consistency in Latin transcriptions of any Indic script. Some of these conventions are not strictly adhered to in the transliteration of Dhivehi, which reduces consistency between the SADT and other subsets of the IAST. For example, the letters e and ē are normally used to represent [e] and [e:] respectively, but the SADT uses e to represent [æ:], and ē to represent [e].

    Source

    Wikipedia Pages:  SADT,  Mahl Writing Systems, and  Male Latin

    ContributorMartin Raymond
  • In The Unicode Standard, Thaana Script implementation is discussed in  Chapter 13 South and Central Asia-II: Other Modern Scripts.

    Thaana script was first encoded in The Unicode Standard version 3.0.

    Blocks Character Range Added in Unicode Version Unicode Chart
    Thaana 0780..07BF 3.0  U0780.pdf

    Subsequent to version 3.0, the following characters have been added to the Thaana script:

    CharactersUnicode VersionDocumentation
    07B1 3.2  WG2 N2264.doc/ L2/00-328

    Documentation refers to  ISO Working Group and Unicode proposals

    A number of proposals for its inclusion have been submitted to the Unicode Technical Committee and WG2:

    1992-1993 Exploratory Proposal for Maldivian (Dihevi) — Rick McGowan ( TR3-2)

    1997-05-30 Thaana proposal — Jenkins/Everson (L2/97-197 (not online))

    1997-05-30 Proposal for encoding the Thaana script in ISO/IEC 10646 — Michael Everson ( WG2 N1519 (unofficial HTML version of a document submitted to WG2), L2/97-036 (not online))

    1998-03-10 Revised proposal for encoding the Thaana script in the BMP of ISO/IEC 10646 — Michael Everson ( WG2 N1699, L2/98-161 (not online))

    1998-05-05 Part 1:Architecture and Basic Multilingual Plane AMENDMENT 24: Thaana — WG2 ( WG2 N1824thaana)

    2000-04-07 Proposal to add characters for use with Thaana Script (Divehi language) — Paul Nelson, Paul Beam, Mohamed Abdul Gadir ( L2/00-120 (also references glyph shape in  WG2 N2263 page 8))

    2000-09-15 Proposal for Encoding Thaana Letter Naa in the BMP (summary form) — Ken Whistler ( WG2 N2264,  L2/00-328)

    2012-11-03 Sorting all RTL scripts together — Roozbeh Pournader ( L2/12-377)

    ContributorLorna Evans
  • Thaana does not use a script-specific set of digits. Either Latin numerals or the numerals used in Arabic writing can be used. Because the Gregorian and Hijri calendars are both used in the Maldives, some dated documents will contain the Gregorian date written with Latin numerals and Thaana month names, and the Hijri date written with Arabic-script numerals and Thaana month names. In both cases, the numbers are read from left to right but the words are read from right to left.

    ContributorScriptSource Staff

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Copyright © 2017 SIL International and released under the  Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license (CC-BY-SA) unless noted otherwise. Language data includes information from the  Ethnologue. Script information partially from the  ISO 15924 Registration Authority. Some character data from  The Unicode Standard Character Database and locale data from the  Common Locale Data Repository. Used by permission.